Rugby In A War Zone

first_img“Everybody saw them play – they were young but tackling like men. So rugby is perfect to gather people from different societies, different ways of living in the camp. Rugby can reduce the differences between them.”His proudest moment? Seeing youths leave camps for rugby “scholarships”, earning discounted university places.Rough road: A burned Ukrainian tank, 2015 (Getty Images)UKRAINE“The situation in the region has stabilised and military operations are almost over,” says Igor Yurkin of the Russian military intervention in Ukraine that began in 2014.Yurkin is a big figure in both union and league around Donetsk. “The conflict is now just smouldering. It does not increase but it does not end either. The Donetsk region was divided into two parts – a part controlled by Ukraine and the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic. Donetsk resembles the grey zone, like the unrecognised republic of Transnistria.”Related: Rugby photos to make you smileIn such areas, it is unsurprising that information on manoeuvres and political machinations would be tightly controlled. But take a walk down memory lane and the spirited Yurkin will happily tell you that before the occupation of Donetsk in 2014, the booming Tigers of Donbass youth club totalled 250 kids and 50 adult athletes and veterans. There were branches in Donetsk (three), in Avdeevka, Pesky, Makeevka, Yasinovataya and Krasnoarmeysk. They played the last Rugby Championship of the Donetsk region in Avdeevka in April 2014, after which hostilities began.He also says that while circumstance and financial hardships have meant a rocky upbringing for the sport that first arrived there in 1985, “today rugby in Donetsk is experiencing a fifth revival.Collective: Rugby teams in Donbass (Igor Yurkin)“In 2014, when hostilities began, it hit rugby’s development hard. In Donetsk there remains one branch, which is trained on a voluntary basis. In territory controlled by Ukraine, rugby is left only in Pokrovsk. In 2015, a branch opened in Belozersk thanks to immigrants from Donetsk. In 2017, myself and Vladimir Lysenko created the Hard Sign club and in 2019 the Mariupol club started.“There were also attempts to create branches in Aleksandrovka, Kramatorsk, Slavyansk, but they were unsuccessful. Here is such a difficult fate for rugby in the Donetsk region.”Admirably, they keep rebuilding.BURUNDITHOUGH THE civil war erupted with a president’s assassination in 1993, the people of Burundi were no strangers to festering tensions, with a history of conflict between forces wishing to direct evil at ethnic groups: the Hutu or Tutsi.As Céléstin Mvutsebanka, general secretary of the Burundi rugby federation, says: “The period has been characterised by a socio-political crisis which began with the assassination of Melchior Ndadaye in 1993 – the first elected president and first Hutu to reach this position in independent Burundi. But the crisis has its deep roots in the mismanagement of post-independence Burundi (a Belgian colony until 1962).”Landlocked Burundi, neighbouring Rwanda, has known true horrors. Mvutsebanka says there was “an unprecedented tearing of the ethno-social fabric, exacerbating the tensions between Hutu and Tutsi” and that things did not de-escalate until the start of the 2000s, with the signing of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement in Arusha, Tanzania, and then the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement of 2003.“During this year of civil war, rugby like any other sport posted a negative record,” Mvutsebanka adds. “The Ceasefire Agreement allowed the entry of the CNDD-FDD into the transitional government and, with its leader Pierre Nkurunziza, to take the reins of the country, after the victory in the August 2005 elections. A new area is opening up for rugby and other sports in Burundi.”Today Burundians are pushing the message of social cohesion and reconciliation. “Rugby has become the gateway to connecting different social trends,” says Mvutsebanka. “The creation of clubs almost everywhere in the country justifies a desire to mobilise a population who were at war for so long to be reconciled around the oval ball.”White crowns: Kids in Rumonge (Burundian Rugby Federation)He praises the involvement of political elites in Burundian sport. However, the nation saw fresh unrest in April 2015 when Nkurunziza declared his intention to run for a third term – an election he duly won. Critics called the move “unconstitutional”. Last year a UN commission called the government out for human rights abuses, while it’s been reported that more than a thousand people were killed during two years of unrest and that over 400,000 citizens fled the country.It has since been stated that Nkurunziza will not run for re-election in May’s polls.Politics aside, the union are sanguine. Rugby was introduced by European aid workers in the Seventies and the union was founded in 2001; there are now 12 top men’s clubs and seven for women. Mvutsebanka says up to 50 teams have competed to date in the inter-school championship.Fostering ties across ethnic and class boundaries are a core tenet, the union say. Go to any youth event and you can see kids holding up white cards “as a symbol of peace”. In Rumonge the innovative children will also wear white paper crowns.This feature first appeared in Rugby World magazine in April. (Getty Images) Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALScenter_img Rugby In A War ZoneMARTYR DAY, in May 2014. Samer Al-Akhras will never forget it.“I was a newly married man, so I was out with my new wife when the opposition started shelling the city,” the proud Syrian says. “Mortars landed near the restaurant we were in and a woman and her two teenager daughters were wounded. I went outside to provide first aid – I volunteered with Red Crescent for 12 years – and after providing the first aid, an ambulance arrived to take them.“Another mortar fell and gifted me 1,200 (pieces of) shrapnel in my whole body. Five of them caused me bleeding inside the chest. Yeah, I was wounded.”The woman, her daughters and all at the restaurant survived. But Al-Akhras’s abiding memory is not of falling horror in Damascus that day but of the bonds of rugby. Now administration manager for the Syrian men’s national 15s, Al-Akhras had only been playing for five months when team-mates from the Zenobians club rushed to his bedside. Overseeing his recovery, they allowed his wife to continue working and tend to family.Flick on the news and the nightmares of conflict are unavoidable. But in all the darkness, rugby has offered some light. These are stories of how some around our mad world have turned to the sport…Aftermath: A mortar attack in Damascus, 2014 (Getty Images)SYRIAAL-AKHRAS TALKS to us over Skype, however it takes time to make the connection. Damascus is experiencing one of their regular blackouts and he has to find one of the few internet cafés with power. Yet despite the ongoing civil war that began in 2011, he is upbeat.No longer with his wife, they have a daughter named Souriana – “I named her after the country. I consider her the youngest rugby fan in Syria!”His positivity pours from the pixels, even as he explains that power cuts are part of life here.Shelling was no real surprise either. He explains that between 2012 and 2018, if it was a sunny day, you’d expect mortars from the likes of the Jaysh al-Islam militia.Al-Akhras tells another story of a day when the Al-Fayha’a sports city, where the rugby team train, was shelled. No one from their side was hurt, but there were horrific casualties for the judo team in the complex then, with their head coach and three athletes killed.In this environment, Al-Akhras calls it a “miracle” rugby has taken root. Now also an English instructor and humanitarian logistics adviser, he has seen the game flower in Damascus and Swida’a, and loves the efforts to take the game to more people in Syria. Team-mates may not know it, but he also credits them with helping him to recover from the psychological trauma of being wounded.Positive: Syrian women’s players (Syria Rugby)“I can’t explain the mix of feelings when you find all the rugby players in Syria behind you, whatever happened to you,” he tells Rugby World. “It’s not only helping me but it’s restoring the faith in humanity through rugby.“There’s also a guy who plays with us. He was called for military service so that meant leaving his family behind, a mother, wife and two little kids. So the whole team is looking after them.“This loyalty reflects onto him and today he’s fighting to find himself a place in the national team. He’s giving everything in the sessions to prove that he deserves it and he’s not missing any training. That is because of the unity and the family spirit we have within the rugby community in Syria.”Related: Rugby project around the world celebrated in new issueInternational sanctions mean it is difficult to find sponsors for their game. The improvements since 2014 are real. The Syrians are waiting for more help.PALESTINETHERE ARE unique challenges in bringing a diaspora of talent together under a flag, particularly in a region known for enmity. And according to Rabie El Masri, the president of the Palestinian Rugby Federation, it is far easier to organise get-togethers in the area known by some as Occupied Palestinian Territory, where there is better field access and greater numbers spread amongst two established teams. But bringing outsiders into Palestine or taking insiders out, is far, far trickier.“‘Palestinian Refugees of Lebanon’ do not have the right to enter Palestine,” he says with a wry laugh. El Masri himself is a third-generation refugee, the second generation to be born in Lebanon, but because of his national status as being of Palestinian heritage, he says he can never represent Lebanon in any sports.He goes on: “But Palestinians who live in Palestine don’t have the right to enter Lebanon too, unless we (arrange it) with an ambassador orget special authorisation.“So to gather for a (sevens event) in November in Jordan, we had the Palestinian refugees – which was difficult for visas and tickets – four players, and we had some from Palestine and more from Jordan. They were very motivated because it was all new for them.”Groundbreaking: The Beit Jala Lions, 2008 (Getty Images)An odyssey for recognition and a scramble to widen the player base began as an idea for El Masri while studying in France and has since led to him canvassing across Asia.He can sense the need to push rugby, particularly in the refugee camps in Lebanon where, in the late 2000s Time wrote of “forgotten people” and Amnesty International saw “appalling social and economic conditions”.El Masri tells us: “Rugby is a game with values that I need to give to youth in the camps. It helps build spirit and respect. It’s not always if you have a problem with someone that we have to use arms. In rugby you play physically and are still friends. These are courageous youths. In the darkest corners of a conflicted world, we discover how rugby has created a bit of light. This feature first appeared in Rugby World in April.last_img read more

T House / Teófilo Otoni Arquitetura

first_img Houses Projects T House / Teófilo Otoni Arquitetura Photographs ArchDaily T House / Teófilo Otoni ArquiteturaSave this projectSaveT House / Teófilo Otoni Arquitetura Save this picture!© Célio Ricardo+ 36 Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/875063/t-house-teofilo-otoni-arquitetura Clipboard “COPY” Manufacturers: VEKA, AÇO BRASIL, MÁRMORARIA PARNAMIRIMDesign Team:Teófilo Otoni, Emanuelle AlbuquaerqueCollaborators:Ciclades Engenharia, Luz ProjetosArchitect In Charge:Teófilo Otoni FariaCountry:BrazilMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Célio RicardoRecommended ProductsDoorsSaliceSliding Door System – Slider S20DoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesWindowsVitrocsaMinimalist Window – SlidingDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalText description provided by the architects. Project inspired by the modernist lines travelling contemporary architecture of the years 70, emphasizing elements leaked as cobógo suggesting an aesthetic with brazilian features using the color to highlight packages and plans. Your plan and spatial distribution in spaces recently a close industry composing the dormitories and a social sector free from walls to distribute if socially spaces, kitchen and balconies in a single social unit, all this integration with the garden and the pool.Save this picture!© Célio RicardoSave this picture!Floor PlanSave this picture!© Célio RicardoSave this picture!SectionsSave this picture!© Célio RicardoProject gallerySee allShow lessRoyal Academy of Arts Adds Permanent Architecture Gallery to Chipperfield Renovation…Architecture NewsOMA New York to Design Mixed-Use Menlo Park Campus for FacebookArchitecture News Share CopyHouses•Brazilcenter_img Year:  2015 Brazil ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/875063/t-house-teofilo-otoni-arquitetura Clipboard Photographs:  Célio Ricardo Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project “COPY” Architects: Teófilo Otoni Arquitetura Area Area of this architecture project Area:  520 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeTeófilo Otoni ArquiteturaOfficeFollowProductsConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBrazilPublished on July 07, 2017Cite: “T House / Teófilo Otoni Arquitetura” 07 Jul 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – FocusGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ Fabric/WashiPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®WoodParklex International S.L.Wood Finishes in Landaburu BordaSinksBradley Corporation USASinks – Frequency® FL-SeriesMetallicsTrimoFire Resistant Panel – Trimoterm FTVSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights – Northlight 40-90°SinksAcquabellaSink – LeviCurtain WallsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Curtain Wall – Rabel 35000 Slim Super ThermalWoodBlumer LehmannData Processing for Wood ProjectsPorcelain StonewareCeramiche KeopeCeramic Tiles – EvokeChairs / StoolsBassamFellowsSpindle Chair and StoolMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Oxfam Ireland chooses m-hance to improve fundraising and Gift Aid

first_img Howard Lake | 8 May 2013 | News  25 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Oxfam Ireland chooses m-hance to improve fundraising and Gift Aid About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Gift Aid and shopsThe system will also help Oxfam Ireland process Gift Aid claims in Northern Ireland more efficiently. It should also help monitor the performance of each of its 51 charity shops more accurately. Hugh Walker, Finance and Corporate Services Director at Oxfam Ireland, explained: “m-hance’s system will provide a comprehensive view of our organisation and donors by accurately capturing detailed information from multiple sources… By automating communication about the positive difference their donations are making the system will help us to enhance supporter engagement and increase our fundraising capabilities.”M-hance’s other charity clients include Amnesty International UK, Plan UK, and The Society of St Vincent de Paul. Oxfam Ireland has chosen business software solutions company m-hance to help optimise its fundraising operations and boost Gift Aid income. The new customised CRM system will be integrated into the charity’s financial management, retail and electronic point of sale (EPOS) software, and is due to go live in October 2013.The customised Microsoft Dynamics system will help Oxfam Ireland, which has offices in Belfast and Dublin, more effectively to manage its donations, marketing activities and Gift Aid reporting requirements.The m-hance CRM system will automate a range of processes that are currently manual, which will help the charity capure and report on infomration to help plan and measure fundraising and marketing campaigns. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

Press death toll reaches 83 as third anniversary of the start of the war approaches

first_imgNews News IraqMiddle East – North Africa Reporters Without Borders today condemned the murder of television reporter Monsef Al-Khalidi of Baghdad TV, who was shot dead at the wheel of his car by gunmen yesterday on the road from Baghdad to the northern city of Mosul. He was the 83rd journalist to be killed in Iraq since the start of the war in March 2003.“Journalists are continuing to pay the price for the appalling situation in Iraq three years after the start of the war,” Reporters Without Borders said. “We yet again call on the Iraqi authorities to carry out thorough investigations into these killings in order to quickly establish the circumstances.”The press freedom organization added: “Our thoughts go out to this reporter’s family and his employer. This is the third journalist that Baghdad TV has lost. The previous ones were reporter Maha Ibrahim in July 2005 and cameraman Mahmoud Zaal in January 2006.”In addition to the 83 journalists killed since the start of the war, a total of 38 journalists have been kidnapped. Five of them – four Iraqis and one Italian (Enzo Baldoni) – were killed by their abductors. The others were released safe and sound.US journalist Jill Carroll has been held hostage since 7 January. Two Iraqi reporters, Reem Zeid and Marwan Khazaal, have been held hostage since 1 February.The pan-Arab satellite TV station Al-Arabiya is the foreign news organisation that has sustained the highest losses in Iraq. Six of its journalists have been killed. The local TV station Al-Iraqiya is the hardest-hit Iraqi media, with 10 journalists killed. Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan News IraqMiddle East – North Africa March 9, 2006 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Press death toll reaches 83 as third anniversary of the start of the war approaches Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” News Follow the news on Iraqcenter_img RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Organisation RSF_en February 15, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information to go further December 28, 2020 Find out more December 16, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Audio: Love with Compassion

first_img Make a comment Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Community News 7 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Herbeauty10 Brutally Honest Reasons Why You’re Still SingleHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Wear Just Anything If You’re The President’s DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyGet Rid Of Unwanted Body Fat By Eating The Right FoodsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Trends To Look Like An Eye-Candy And 6 To Forget AboutHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Secrets That Eastern Women Swear By To Stay Young LongerHerbeautyHerbeauty Business News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Top of the News center_img Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuff Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Sermons and Lessons Audio: Love with Compassion Delivered by PASTOR BRIANT CUFFY, BETHANY CHURCH OF SIERRA MADRE Published on Wednesday, July 23, 2014 | 8:50 pm Subscribe This sermon was delivered by Pastor Briant Cuffy, Senior Pastor Bethany Church of Sierra Madre on Sunday July 20, 2014.Bethany Church of Sierra Madre, 93 N. Baldwin Avenue, Sierra Madre, (626) 355-1403 or visit www.bethanyfamily.com. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDSlast_img read more

Radio Host Kerri Kasem, Daughter of Casey Kasem, Speaks Out About Her Fight for the Right to Family in Honor of U.N. Human Rights Week

first_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Make a comment Kerri and father Casey Kasem (Getty Images)“People think human rights violations are in Timor, Rwanda and in Iran. But there are people’s human rights being violated every single day, here, in the United States of America,” says Kerri Kasem, an Ambassador for United for Human Rights International and a graduate of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts when it was located in Pasadena.Kerri, who attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts when it was located in Pasadena and lived in Fair Oaks at the time, where her father would come visit her at her apartment and whose father Casey Kasem, was the radio host of “American Top 40” and the voice of Scooby Doo, experienced that first hand. She lost all contact with Casey when he developed dementia and his wife became his guardian in 2013. His phone and computer were taken away, his staff were fired, and no family or friends were permitted to see him.Hopeless, helpless, frustrated and angry, Kerri soon learned that she had nowhere to turn—neither the police nor adult protective services could help her.“I realized there were no rights for adult children to see their ailing parents,” Kerri says. “And the ‘isolators’ did not even have to tell the adult children whether their sick parent had died or where they were buried. My father’s right to family, right to live in freedom and safety, and right to be free from torture were all denied him. Even in death my stepmother violated my father’s rights—his right to nationality, by burying him in a country he’d never been where he had no family, when he was born and raised in the United States of America and wanted to be buried here.”Speaking out about her experience, Kerri began receiving hundreds of letters from individuals throughout the United States in similar shoes—traumatized, angry and never to see their loved ones again.“I knew I had to do something,” she says. “So I began by creating the Kasem Cares Foundation and started traveling across the country educating others on their fundamental human rights and fighting to make those rights a reality through legislation.”With the help of Assemblyman Mike Gatto, Kerri got the Kasem Cares Visitation bill passed into law in California. The law allows adult children to ask a judge for visitation rights to an ailing parent or loved one, and mandates that a parent’s guardian tell the children when their parent is in the hospital, whether he has died, and where he is buried. (The law does not force visitation if the ailing parent does not wish it.) Now law in eight states, the Kasem Cares Act is currently making its way through 13 other state legislatures.Shortly after the bill passed, Kerri recalls a woman waiting for her after a radio show, crying and clutching a letter to Kerri thanking her for her work. The woman told her, “I got to see my dad and be with him before he died because of your bill.”“At its core, elder abuse is a human rights issue. I am fighting for human rights and I am fighting to make human rights law,” says Kerri. “People take their human rights for granted until they are taken away, but you need to know them now,” she says.United for Human Rights (UHR), supported by the Church of Scientology, is an international nonprofit devoted to educating individuals on their fundamental rights as defined in the United Nations’ Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the most widely agreed-upon document on the subject. Today, Kerri uses UHR’s audiovisual materials—available free online—to train prosecutors, investigators, law enforcement officers, and adult protective service administrators in the fundamental rights at stake when we talk about elder abuse.“If you know your human rights you can change your city, you can change your state, you can change your country, you can change the world,” Kerri says. “Know what they are and demand that people respect them and uphold them. That is what my experience taught me.” EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Community News Subscribe Top of the News center_img More Cool Stuff faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * HerbeautyThese Are 15 Great Style Tips From Asian WomenHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAncient Beauty Remedies From India To Swear By For Healthy SkinHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Real Truth About The Pain Caused By MicrobladingHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeauty Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy 0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it People Radio Host Kerri Kasem, Daughter of Casey Kasem, Speaks Out About Her Fight for the Right to Family in Honor of U.N. Human Rights Week On the heels of a seminar to more than 200, including prosecutors, investigators, law enforcement officers, and adult protective service administrators in Anaheim, radio host Kerri Kasem shares her personal story and struggle to get human rights guaranteed. From STAFF REPORTS Published on Friday, December 16, 2016 | 4:12 pm Business News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadenalast_img read more

Purolite Adds to Its Lawsuit Against Accounting Firm Citrin Cooperman and Its Principals for…

first_img Pinterest Facebook Local NewsBusiness Facebook Purolite Adds to Its Lawsuit Against Accounting Firm Citrin Cooperman and Its Principals for Professional Misconduct, Negligence, Forgery, and Fraudulent Misrepresentation KING OF PRUSSIA, Pa.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 19, 2021– Purolite Corp. (“Purolite”) and its principals, Stefan and Don Brodie, today added a claim for negligent misrepresentation to its extensive complaint against its former accounting firm Citrin Cooperman & Company, LLP (“Citrin”), its co-founder and CEO, Joel A. Cooperman, and several of its principals. This new claim was added to the eight-count complaint Purolite and the Brodies filed against Citrin and its principals in April 2020 alleging, among other things, fraud, gross negligence and breach of contract. The lawsuit chronicles Citrin’s blatant incompetence, intentional concealment and extreme bad faith, which resulted in Purolite’s unwitting failure to meet its tax filing obligations. Citrin’s malfeasance caused Purolite to suffer substantial harm and required the company to hire new accountants and lawyers to remedy the breach the accounting firm caused. The lawsuit was filed in the Philadelphia, PA Court of Common Pleas. Citrin falsely represented to Purolite that it had completed and filed all required returns with governmental entities, when in fact, Citrin never filed corporate returns for tax years 2013 through 2017 and failed to properly file required tax forms for Purolite’s foreign affiliates from 2010 through 2017. Purolite’s founding partners have consistently paid all of the taxes that Citrin Cooperman advised were owed, including for the years for which Citrin Cooperman failed to file the corporate tax returns. When Purolite first discovered Citrin’s dereliction of duty in mid-2019, Purolite immediately confronted Citrin and demanded explanations, documents, copies of returns and other relevant paperwork. Citrin admitted to its egregious errors and initially feigned cooperation, but has since obstructed Purolite, exacerbating the already significant damages suffered by Purolite. Citrin compounded its misconduct by concealing its failure to file the relevant returns and hampering Purolite’s efforts to mitigate the harm Citrin caused by refusing to provide necessary records in its possession so that Purolite could belatedly file returns and related tax forms with governmental entities. In addition, Citrin forged signatures on [at least two] Purolite engagement letters in a fraudulent attempt to indemnify itself retroactively once its malpractice was discovered by Purolite. “We entrusted Citrin to properly file our corporate tax returns with the relevant governmental authorities and expected that, as a major accredited accounting firm, Citrin would fulfill those basic duties,” said Stefan Brodie, co-founder and CEO of Purolite. “Instead, they have not only abjectly failed to meet their professional obligations but also conducted themselves in a shockingly unethical manner, including forging my signature. They were given ample opportunity to remedy the situation but instead exacerbated it, leaving us no choice but to go back to court.” In hindsight, Citrin’s lies and other misconduct should not have been a surprise as it follows a pattern. Citrin has a documented history of professional malfeasance, including failure to file client tax returns and lying about it. An important Citrin partner was convicted of larceny and tax fraud for embezzling almost $1 million from several clients, two of whom were among his closest friends. Another Citrin partner, the former managing partner of the Philadelphia office, helped funnel clients to investment funds that were part of a multi-million-dollar Ponzi scheme that left innocent victims in its wake. In connection with Citrin’s gross professional misconduct, Purolite has also filed malpractice complaints against Citrin and several of its principals – Joel Cooperman, Mark Carrow, Alan Mandeloff, Mary Brislin and Terry Silver – with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA), the Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants (PICPA) and the State Board of Accountancy for both New York and Pennsylvania. Purolite has requested that these regulators conduct a full investigation into Citrin’s professional negligence and take all actions warranted by its conduct, including revoking the licenses of Citrin Cooperman and the named individuals. Brodie continued, “To add insult to injury, Citrin concealed their failure to file our returns, while continuing to work with us and pretending that they had fulfilled all filing obligations. Furthermore, since our discovery of Citrin’s malfeasance, they have blatantly and repeatedly dissembled and hid the information we need to belatedly file the returns in question – which has exacerbated our damages. We had no other choice but to bring this matter to court and to the licensing boards in the hope that no other company will be subjected to the nightmare we have been forced to deal with.” About Purolite Founded in 1981, Purolite Corporation is a leading manufacturer of quality ion exchange, catalyst, adsorbent, and specialty resins. Headquartered in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania with 40 sales offices in more than 30 countries, the company has ISO 9001 certified manufacturing facilities in the USA, China and Romania and operates dedicated R&D centers in the USA, China, Romania, Russia and the UK. Purolite has pioneered the development of these technologies in adsorption, catalysis, condensate polishing, metals removal & recovery, nanoparticle milling, softening and demineralization. Key industries include hydrometallurgy, metals plating, pharmaceutical, potable and groundwater, power, semiconductor and sugar & sweetener. Please visit www.purolite.com for more information. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210219005498/en/ CONTACT: Sard Verbinnen & Co George Sard/Ellen Davis/Gloria Labbad [email protected] (212) 687-8080 KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA PENNSYLVANIA INDUSTRY KEYWORD: CHEMICALS/PLASTICS OTHER MANUFACTURING MANUFACTURING SOURCE: Purolite Corp. Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/19/2021 04:39 PM/DISC: 02/19/2021 04:39 PM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210219005498/en Twitter WhatsAppcenter_img TAGS  Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp By Digital AIM Web Support – February 19, 2021 Previous articleEverbridge annuncia di essersi aggiudicata cinque contratti relativi alle soluzioni Public Warning con società di trasmissioni wireless, governi e Stati finalizzati alla protezione delle persone e delle aziende in Europa e in AsiaNext articleWilliams career-high 32 sparks WSU to romp over Cal 82-51 Digital AIM Web Supportlast_img read more

The Ever Looming Darkness Of Law Of Sedition

first_imgColumnsThe Ever Looming Darkness Of Law Of Sedition Pulkit Malhotra3 Aug 2020 9:06 PMShare This – xAn honest omission was ratified, albeit, realized after a decade. With the enactment of the Indian Penal Code Amendment Act, 1870, the law of sedition took birth and in came, the darkest days for the most cherished right- the right to express. The dystopian society, with the kind blessings of the ‘government’ in power back then, was burdened with a draconian law, which unfortunately…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginAn honest omission was ratified, albeit, realized after a decade. With the enactment of the Indian Penal Code Amendment Act, 1870, the law of sedition took birth and in came, the darkest days for the most cherished right- the right to express. The dystopian society, with the kind blessings of the ‘government’ in power back then, was burdened with a draconian law, which unfortunately still finds a place in our society, with no checks and balances, leaving several people destitute. The uproar of our countrymen against the barbaric atrocities committed against them compelled the government in power, to enforce the law of sedition, which had found its shelter in Section 113 of Macaulay’s Draft Penal Code of 1837-39. The enforcement of the enactment of the law, brought deleterious effects, which till date, tends to bring a chill down the spines of the alleged violator. The Section, as was introduced in 1870, was titled ‘Exciting Disaffection’. An act, which perpetrates a feeling of disaffection towards the Government, through words or signs or visible representation or otherwise, was punishable under Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. Exception to the offence was carved out in the explanation, wherein, disapprobation of the measures of the government which were in tune with the dogma(s) set out by the government was not brought into the clutches of the offence. The first case1 of sedition in British India, colloquially known as the ‘Bangobasi’ case, was tried by a Jury. C.J. Sir Comer Petheram, expounded the law to the Jury, as, any person using any word, spoken or written, to his audience to insinuate the idea of not obeying the lawful authority or subverting or resisting the authority, would be guilty of the offence, even though, no overt act in pursuance of such non-obeying the lawful authority has been committed. The notable and celebrated case of ‘Queen-Empress v. Balgangadhar Tilak’2 came before the Bombay High Court. Mr. Tilak was charged with the offence of creating disaffection in the society towards the British Rule and its administrators. Justice Strachey explained the law, with an interesting observation that a man is guilty, if he excites or attempts to excite feelings of disaffection; it is immaterial that any feelings of disaffection or enmity towards the government should have been excited, because a mere attempt to excite such a feeling, ensuing, an unsuccessful act would also be on the same footing as a successful seditious actA divergent view was taken by the Federal Court in the matter ‘Niharendu Dutt Majumdar v. King-Emperor’3, wherein, the Court observed that the offence of sedition comes into the picture, when the Government fails in its duty to preserve order in the society and as an aftermath, men through words, deeds or writing, create an atmosphere of attacking or subverting or disturbing the tranquility or create public disturbance and promote disorder and incites others to do the same. This pragmatic view was disapproved by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the earlier views taken were upheld. In the year 1898, the law was amended, resultantly replacing the single explanation with three separate explanations, which explanations remain in the present form. Explanation 1 to the Section, provided a definition of “disaffection”, which included disloyalty and all feelings of enmity, whereas, Explanations 2 and 3 to the Section were the exception to the Section and were deployed as the safeguarding principles. The wheels of the law of sedition were turned with the Government of India Act, 1935, the Independence Act, 1947 and the Indian Constitution of 1950. After Independence, the harrowing law has found its haven under the head “Of Offences against the State”. After gaining Independence, the states of Madras and Punjab enacted laws curbing the sacrosanct fundamental right of speech and expression. These laws were challenged before the Supreme Court in two notable cases, ‘Romesh Thapar v. State of Madras4’ and ‘Brij Bushan and Anr. v. State of Delhi5’. The laws permitted the states, for maintaining “public order” and “public safety”, to impose a ban upon the entry and circulation of a journal. The Supreme Court in both cases held that the imposition of such restrictions were in excess to Article 19 (2), i.e. reasonable restrictions. It was duly observed in Romesh Thapar (supra) that the word “sedition” which occurred in Article 13(2) of the Draft Constitution, was ultimately deleted in Article 19(2) of the Constitution, which insinuated that criticism of the government and its authorities may not be regarded as a justified ground in curbing the fundamental right of speech and expression, unless the same has been orchestrated to overthrow or undermine the security of the State. The tussle between the law of sedition and the fundamental right of speech and expression was laid at rest by the Constitutional Bench of the Supreme CourtThe constitutional vires of Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, was challenged before the Supreme Court of India in the matter ‘Kedar Nath Singh v. State of Bihar6’. The Court held that the continued existence of the Government established by law is an essential condition of the stability of the State. The Court, recapitulated the law of sedition, that only such activities which are intended or have a tendency, to create disorder or disturbance of public peace by resorting to violence would attract such an offence. On a reading of the provision, it is evident that criticism of the Government, however strongly worded, would be within the contours of the fundamental right of speech and expression. In case, the lakshman rekha, is stretched by using words which have pernicious tendency or intention of creating public disorder or disturbance of law and order, would fall within Section 124A. The dictum laid down in Kedar Nath (supra) propagated the idea of free speech, more importantly, criticism in a constructive manner, however, the Court was conscious that the continued existence of the Government established by law was an essential condition to the stability of the State. Following the pursuit of such an essential condition, the state of Gujarat, followed the footsteps of its brother and sister states. The views of Mao-Tse-Tung were captured in a book intituled ‘Extracts from Mao-Tse-Tung’, which according to the state of Gujarat contained seditious matter, resulting in every copy of the book being forfeited. Litigation ensued. The Court7 observed that the passages in the book acquainted the readers with the principles of communalism and by no stretch of imagination, excited people to create public disorder with a view to subvert the government; to condemn them as seditious would close the doors of knowledge to philosophy. It categorically held that it is for the people to decide what is best for them, without intervention of Court and Government, and in order to arrive at an intelligent choice, free propagation of ideas is an essential requisite. The last vicennial of the 19th Century, brought constructive changes in the society with the introduction of various economic reforms, which boosted our economy tremendously. Suddenly, the tide of sorrow arrived on the surface of water and in the wee hours of 31st October, 1984, our country rose to a shock. After the brutal killing of our Late Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi, in the streets of Chandigarh, slogans such as, “Khalistan Zindabad” and “Raj Karega Khalsa”, were raised by men, who were brought to the doors of the canons of law. The Supreme Court8 adopting a pragmatic approach held that casual raising of slogans, either once or twice by individuals, would not in any manner excite or attempt to excite hatred or disaffection towards the Government. With the dawn of the 21st Century, the shadow of law of sedition was still looming. The Delhi High Court9 observed that an opinion against the Prime Minister or criticism of the actions of his government owing to the speeches and actions of the leader of his own government, who was against a particular community would not amount to sedition. The Court further added that when a leader of a political party becomes the head of the government, any criticism of the person and his policies would not be viewed with the lenses of sedition. Harsh criticism, which excites people to refrain from voting for a particular party or to project leaders as anti-section to the society, would also not attract the offence of sedition. The law of sedition was scarcely used by the police machinery in the first decade of 21st Century, in turn, paving the way for free flow of ideas, which included dissent against the government and its policies. The law of sedition also cast its eerie shadow upon the maverick lawyer, Late Mr. Arun Jaitley. Mr. Jaitley had penned down his views on the NJAC judgment10 passed by the Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court, which was taken with a stern view by a Judicial Magistrate of the State of Uttar Pradesh, who had taken suo-moto cognizance of the article and registered a Complaint against Mr. Jaitley under Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code. The Court11 held that the article was to voice the opinion of the author in order to strike a balance between the two important pillars of our country and therefore, by no stretch of imagination, the contents of the article can be said to create public disorder or designed or aimed against the Government established by law. The right to dissent and its intellectual discourse stands at a higher pedestal and is the heart and soul of the freedom of speech and expression. Catastrophic effect of the law of sedition: The National Crime Records Bureau has reported that sedition cases have increased in the recent years, with 47 cases in the year 2014 to 70 cases in 2018. In the last two years, police authorities have been rampantly invoking sedition law in order to curb the fundamental right of speech and expression. The enactment of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, has yet again opened the doors of debate for the law of sedition; whether the draconian law is required to remain in the statute book? With the enactment of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, various protests were held all over the country on the ground that it violated the right to equality only on the ground of religion, pursuant to which, police authorities, among others provisions, invoked the sedition law. It is safe to argue that viewed with the lens of the authoritative pronouncements of the Courts, criticism of the Act, even taking the assistance of harsh words, albeit, without inciting disaffection towards the Government, would still be safeguarded under the fundamental right of speech and expression. Another interesting case cameforth, in which a teenage student activist raising the slogan ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ in a protest was charged with sedition. In my opinion, based upon the dictim laid down in Balwant Singh (supra), raising a slogan even to the extent of praising our “enemy” by no stretch of imagination tantamounts to exciting or attempting to excite disaffection towards the government established by law. It is noteworthy to mention the conduct of the teenage student, who soon after repeating the aforesaid slogan, started raising the slogan ‘Hindustan Zindabad’, leaving no doubt towards her patriotism. The law of sedition has to be scrupulously used by the police machinery in order to mitigate the undue hardships caused to outspoken people. The police machinery, before invoking charges of sedition, may seek the assistance of the office of the Advocate General of the State and only upon the receipt of such written legal opinion, may take a decision thereto. Lately, there are several eminent personalities such as Mr. Vinod Dua, Mrs. Sudha Bharadwaj, Mr. Varavara Rao and Mr. Gautam Navlakha, who have been booked under the outdated law, which law, in my opinion, requires immediate attention of the Government in order to protect free speech, which is granted by our Constitution. Amendment: Need of the Hour In my opinion, the below listed amendments can be brought to the law of sedition, to keep a check on the law to ensure that the same is not unscrupulously and surreptitiously used against innocent people. Establishment of a Special Court: A Special Court presided by the District and Sessions Judge should adjudicate the cases of sedition; Preliminary Inquiry: In cases of sedition, an officer not below the rank of Superintendent of Police of the district shall conduct a preliminary inquiry in relation to the Complaint and shall submit a Preliminary Report containing the facts incidental to the Complaint and the statement of witnesses to the Special Court; Timeline: The concerned Superintendent of Police, shall submit his report not later than ten days from the receipt of the Complaint to the Special Court. In case, the Superintendent of Police is unable to submit the report within the stipulated period of ten days, he shall seek an extension from the Special Court, which in turn, after considering the reasons in the Application, may further extend the period by not later than ten days. Default Bail: The Accused shall be well within his rights to approach the Court for seeking default bail, in case, the Superintendent of Police fails to submit the report within a period of ten days or such extension, as granted by the Special Court. Interim Order: The Special Court shall pass an Interim Order, based on the Report furnished by the Superintendent of Police. In case, the Special Court holds that a prima facie case is made out against the Accused, the case shall proceed in accordance with law, however, in case, the Special Court arrives at a decision that no case is made out against the Accused, the Accused shall stand discharged. Appeal: An Appeal shall lie against such Order before the concerned High Court. The Appeal shall be filed within a period of thirty days. In case, the Appellant shows reasonable cause for delay in filing the Appeal, the delay may be condoned subject to the Appeal being filed within a further period not exceeding thirty days. The aforesaid suggestions, if implemented, shall prevent the exploitation offered by the law of sedition and shall ensure, in letter and spirit, that freedom of speech and expression and propagation of ideas is the hallmark of democracy.Views are personal only. (The author is a practicing advocate in New Delhi)1 Queen-Empress v. Jogendra Chunder Bose; (1892) ILR 19 Cal 35 2 (1898) ILR 22 Bombay 1123 (1942) FCR 38 4 AIR 1950 SC 124 5 AIR 1950 SC 129 6 AIR 1962 SC 9557 1971 SCC OnLine Guj 75 8 (1995) 3 SCC 214 9 2007 (96) DRJ 69310 Supreme Court Advocates on Record Association v. Union of India 11 2015 SCC OnLine All 9413 Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

‘Institution Is Being Destroyed’ : Full Court Room Exchange In SC’s Suo Moto Case On COVID19

first_imgTop Stories’Institution Is Being Destroyed’ : Full Court Room Exchange In SC’s Suo Moto Case On COVID19 Mehal Jain23 April 2021 2:47 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Friday witnessed a heated courtroom exchange between the bar and the bench in the hearing of the suo-moto case In Re : Distribution of Essential Supplies and Services During Pandemic.The Supreme Court was widely criticized within the legal community for its decision to take suo moto cognizance of COVID19-related issues while the High Courts are dealing with the same, and also as regards the decision to appoint Senior Advocate Harish Salve as the amicus in the matter.”With utmost humility and the greatest degree of regret, I request you to please allow me to recuse from this matter “, prayed senior advocate Harish Salve at the outset.”Why?”, inquired CJ S. A. Bobde.”This is the greatest and the most sensitive case that this court will handle in its existence. We know how the states are divided and how the country is on tenterhooks. I don’t want this case to be decided in the shadow that I was appointed as the amicus curiae because I know the Chief Justice of India from school and college… “, replied Mr Salve.”There is nothing clandestine about it. You don’t have to justify anything. It was a collective act of the court “, observed CJ Bobde.”There is also an allegation of a conflict of interest. While the American bar may be divided as plaintiffs and defendants, apparently we divide our bar based on those who appear for industrialists and those who appear for non-industrialists…Might I add that I was present in the court yesterday because I was told that the SG will mention the Vedanta matter and because I appear for Vedanta…”, continued Mr. Salve.”Then there is the larger issue of the narrative in court (‘Not only in court’, interjected SG Tushar Mehta), which must be addressed. I had the privilege of being in court in 1978 when Mr. Palkhivala had argued in the Minerva Mills case. The matter was also bitterly argued but there was a grace in the narrative which is lost today…”, advanced Mr. Salve.”We understand that you are pained by what some of the supposedly senior advocates have said. We are also not happy about it. We understand your sentiment”, said the CJI.”Although I have no future in the judiciary, it seems that we will have to now start looking for Amicus Curiaes from those who we don’t know”, commented the CJAt this juncture, the SG Tushar Mehta intervened to advance, “The country is not in a position to have a maligning competition in the media! It was the highest court of the country which took cognizance of an issue which is affecting every citizen of the country! When I read and saw certain comments that the digital and print media are broadcasting, I realised that it is virtually abusive! Someday somebody from judiciary has to take cognizance of that!””And I request Mr. Salve to reconsider his request for recusal! Once any one succumbs to this, there would not be one neutral person to be appointed who would not be so pressurised! It is not about Mr. Salve or Chief Justice of India Bobde!”, he continued.Justice L. Nageswara Rao also remarked, “It was not the intention of the Supreme Court to transfer cases from the High Court. Even without reading the order, even before the order was released, there was criticism based on something which was non-existent! Even though no order was passed, the institution is being destroyed! It was being said that we are the persons were stopping the High Court from passing orders?!”Addressing senior advocate Dushyant Dave, Justice Rao said, “Mr Dave, you are imputing motives to us even without seeing the order?””It is not about imputing motives, it was a genuine perception! The whole country thought that this would happen! We love you, but we have every right to voice our concern as the citizens of the country! Your Lordships have done it in the past, during the Covid period, so we were apprehensive…”, replied Mr. Dave.”We didn’t stall the proceedings before the High Court! The High Courts passed the orders the way they had to! We did ask the government to go and report to the High Courts and they did! What perception are you talking about? What past are you referring to?”, demanded Justice Ravindra Bhat.”Your Lordships always indicate in the order that the High Courts are free to continue the proceedings. Your Lordships did not do it here…”, replied Mr. Dave.”You are supposed to be protecting this institution…”, remarked Justice Rao.”We have always protected the institution. An objective criticism only strengthens it and does not undermine it!”, responded Mr Dave.”Senior advocates don’t give public statements based on perception, they go by legal orders”, argued the SG.”You are the last person to be making this argument! You have been defending the government based on perception!”, countered Mr. Dave.Senior Advocate and SCBA President Vikas Singh made a brief submission next- “The country is faced with a huge anxiety! There was some apprehension because Your Lordships passed an order just because the SG was saying certain things! Last year, the SG said that there are no migrants on the road and the Court accepted it…But Your Lordships need to look into inter-state movement! The manufacturing states are Haryana and UP! There is a need for a nodal agency at the centre to look into the movement! If the oxygen is stuck two hours away from Delhi, people will die! What happened in Uphaar would happen today!””That is exactly our intention! “, said the CJI, even as the SG commented, “‘Central agency’?! Are you aware or are you arguing on purpose?”The SG then sought time until Tuesday to file his counter affidavit.As the advocates continued to rage on, CJ observed, “We may have to shut off the mics and the screens if it continues like this! Don’t bring it to that! The SG wants time, so we are listing the matter on Tuesday and we are shutting off the matter for now””I want the Chief Justice of India to have a decent farewell, not one with abuses on the public platform! I, as an officer of the court and as a person, want the CJI on his last day to have a loving farewell”, said the SG.”There has been no abusing… I object to the statement “, began Mr Dave.However, the CJ closed the matter, remarking, “Thank you for your sentiment”, and then proceeding to dictate the order, relieving Mr Salve of the duty as amicus curiae.Tags#Harish Salve #Supreme Court #Recusal #Suo Motu Proceedings #COVID19 COVID19 #CJI SA Bobde Solicitor General Tushar Mehta Justice L Nageswara Rao Justice S Ravindra Bhat Next Storylast_img read more

Hybridization and Back-Crossing in Giant Petrels (Macronectes giganteus and M. halli) at Bird Island, South Georgia, and a Summary of Hybridization in Seabirds

first_imgHybridization in natural populations provides an opportunity to study the evolutionary processes that shape divergence and genetic isolation of species. The emergence of pre-mating barriers is often the precursor to complete reproductive isolation. However, in recently diverged species, pre-mating barriers may be incomplete, leading to hybridization between seemingly distinct taxa. Here we report results of a long-term study at Bird Island, South Georgia, of the extent of hybridization, mate fidelity, timing of breeding and breeding success in mixed and conspecific pairs of the sibling species, Macronectes halli (northern giant petrel) and M. giganteus (southern giant petrel). The proportion of mixed-species pairs varied annually from 0.4–2.4% (mean of 1.5%), and showed no linear trend with time. Mean laying date in mixed-species pairs tended to be later than in northern giant petrel, and always earlier than in southern giant petrel pairs, and their breeding success (15.6%) was lower than that of conspecific pairs. By comparison, mixed-species pairs at both Marion and Macquarie islands always failed before hatching. Histories of birds in mixed-species pairs at Bird Island were variable; some bred previously or subsequently with a conspecific partner, others subsequently with a different allospecific partner, and some mixed-species pairs remained together for multiple seasons. We also report the first verified back-crossing of a hybrid giant petrel with a female northern giant petrel. We discuss the potential causes and evolutionary consequences of hybridization and back-crossing in giant petrels and summarize the incidence of back-crossing in other seabird species.last_img read more